CJ415 Final Exam 100% Correct Answers

By Elizabeth Speciale | Category :: Story

CJ415 Final Exam 100% Correct Answers
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The ________ hypothesis regarding crime argues that as a country undergoes economic development, its crime rate increases.
slippery slope
globalization
modernization
transnational crime
2 points
Question 2

Generally, the police forces of any given country are much more likely to be dealing with ___________ crime and much less likely, if ever, to be dealing with _________ crime.
transnational, international
international, transnational
national, global
organized, international
2 points
Question 3

Offenses, whose inception, prevention, and/or direct or indirect effects involved more than one country is an example of:
international
transnational
global
world
2 points
Question 4

The process used by criminals to convert funds acquired illegally into what appears to be legitimate income that can the used for legal purposes such as investment and purchase, is an example of:
bank fraud
drug trafficking
money laundering
corruption
2 points
Question 5

The movement of mood altering substances from their points of origin to their points of consumption is an example of:
drug trafficking
drug laundering
drug distribution
corruption
2 points
Question 6

Although not in itself a crime, buying a legal business may be deemed ________, if it is used a means for laundering money that may have been acquired illegally.
criminal
illegal
unethical
morally wrong
2 points
Question 7

_______ crimes call for a great deal of ingenuity and versatility on the part of law enforcement in terms of learning, investigation, and prevention.
sex
cyber
drug
victimless
2 points
Question 8

Most victims of __________ theft are likely to be looking for recompense, and not criminal punishment, and therefore, not generally likely to involve police agencies.
identity
intellectual property
property
vehicle
2 points
Question 9

____________ may be localized or may operate transnationally.
drug trafficking
illegal arms sales
terrorism
identity theft
2 points
Question 10

The illegal commandeering of ________ for the purpose of either demanding ransom payments or for making a political statement has been a feature of much of the late twentieth century.
watercraft
trains
subway cars
airplanes
2 points
Question 11

_____________ is an age-old offense, which is considered the first to result in multinational cooperative law enforcement efforts continues to exist in certain parts of the world, particularly in and around Central and South America, Southeast Asia, and West Africa.
aircraft hijacking
sea piracy
terrorism
treason
2 points
Question 12

___________ is defined as the procurement of illegal entry of a person into a state of which the latter person is not a national with the objective of making a profit.
illegal immigration
prostitution
human smuggling
spying
2 points
Question 13

Transnational ____________ crime is a fact of contemporary life.
drug
environmental
illegal arms
terrorism
2 points
Question 14

Over the past 20 years, there has been a growing preoccupation with ____________ crime.
transnational
drug
gang
organized
2 points
Question 15

The most discussed and least understood international police organization in the world is:
EUROPOL
CIA
INTERPOL
BATFE
2 points
Question 16

The _________ by the police can be defined as occurring “any time the police attempt to have citizens act in a certain way.”
brutality
use of force
authority
corruption
2 points
Question 17

Incidents of police use of excessive force have included all except:
deliberate choking
beating civil rights protesters
handcuffing
deliberate kicking
2 points
Question 18

The philosophy of __________ police officers in which the police subculture becomes a way of life can thus lead to police misconduct.
brother and sister
us vs. them
we have the power
I am the law
2 points
Question 19

In the twentieth century, the United States Supreme Court, to protect citizens from governmental abuses from the states and their agents, extended the Bill of Rights to be applicable to the _____.
police
local governments
states
people
2 points
Question 20

The police __________ is an extreme version of a phenomenon that exists in many human groups.
subculture
thin blue line
corruption
code of silence
2 points
Question 21

Many people, specifically _________, believe that the police are often engaged in excessive and unnecessary physical force.
government officials
minority groups
older citizens
youth
2 points
Question 22

Some forms of police brutality have also been referred to as _________.
the third degree
throwing the book at them
hazing
us vs. them
2 points
Question 23

What made the King-beating incident significantly different from earlier alleged incidents of police brutality was that a private citizen __________ this incident.
videotaped
reported
helped officers in
helped King in
2 points
Question 24

The police can trace their authority to use _______ back to the Common Law of England, which was developed during the Middle Ages.
less than lethal
force
deadly force
weapons
2 points
Question 25

In 1986, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the fleeing felon rule, which allowed police officers to use deadly force, i.e., to shoot to kill a suspect escaping from the scene of a crime. This historical case is:
Brandenburg v. Ohio
Tennessee v. Gardner
Miranda v. Arizona
Mapp v. Ohio
2 points
Question 26

Dysfunctional behavior such as police violence comes about when looking at police brutality from a ___________ perspective.
conflict theorist
functionalist
interactionist
emergent theorist
2 points
Question 27

The __________ perspective takes a critical stance and believes that the police represent the group that has power, prestige, and wealth in a given society.
interactionist
fundamentalist
conflict
democratic
2 points
Question 28

From a ____________ perspective, a lot of attention would be devoted to considering the nature and meanings of acts that are defined as police brutality or excessive use of force.
conflict
interactionist
functionalist
classical
2 points
Question 29

Based on a perceived increase in police violence, a ___________________ was established by the Israeli police in 1992.
civilian complaint board
commission of law enforcement abuse
zero tolerance policy
law prohibiting excessive force
2 points
Question 30

One whose members, because of physical or cultural characteristics, are disadvantaged and subjected to unequal treatment by the dominant group and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination is the definition of a:
subordinate group
subculture
parent group
dominant group
2 points
Question 31

A __________ group is one that is advantaged and has superior resources and rights in a society.
suburbanite
sub
dominate
focus
2 points
Question 32

__________ refers to an attitude that evaluates an individual member of a subordinate group negatively on the basis of certain negative characteristics that are associated with that group even if the individual does not conform to those expected characteristics.
racism
prejudice
racial profiling
ethnic bias
2 points
Question 33

One who harbors negative attitudes toward any particular subordinate group and will act negatively toward them can be referred to as a:
unprejudiced nondiscriminator
apartheid
prejudiced discriminator
subordinate group
2 points
Question 34

The most common pattern, based on perceived biological differences such as skin color, complexion, hair color, and or eye color is referred to as _________.
racism
prejudiced discriminator
ethnic bias
sexism
2 points
Question 35

Prejudice and discrimination that is based on cultural differences among groups, sometimes even if they are of the same race is the definition of:
racial profiling
ethnic bias
prejudice
discrimination
2 points
Question 36

The pattern of prejudice and discrimination that negatively targets either the young or the elderly is known as:
discrimination
ethnic bias
apartheid
ageism
2 points
Question 37

__________ is defined as a fairly rigid, oversimplified view or image of a particular social group that is then applied to individuals who belong to that group.
ageism
stereotyping
heterosexism
ethnic bias
2 points
Question 38

A process by which members of subordinate groups are blamed for the problems and frustrations experienced by members of the dominant group is an example of:
scapegoating
stereotyping
ethnic bias
cultural diversity
2 points
Question 39

Societies that are made up of more than one ethnic group are referred to as:
dominate societies
diverse societies
plural societies
multicultural societies
2 points
Question 40

When women are treated less harshly than male suspects by the police and the criminal justice system given traditional gender expectations and notions of them being the “weaker sex”, we are defining:
sexism
chivalry hypothesis
stereotyping
sexual bias
2 points
Question 41

Conduct which the people of a group are considered so dangerous or embarrassing or irritating that they bring special sanctions to bear against the persons who exhibit it is an example of:
deviance
police misconduct
use of force
corruption
2 points
Question 42

_____________ is when individuals who happen to be in the police force engage in activities that violate departmental policies, laws, and social norms and misuse the powers of their office.
corruption
occupational deviance
deviance
organizational deviance
2 points
Question 43

_____________ has been coined by sociologists to encompass serious situations occurring within entire organization. This behavior includes police brutality and corruption.
occupational deviance
the slippery slope
organizational deviance
deviance
2 points
Question 44

___________ was a New York City police officer in the 1970s who fought against corruption.
Donnie Brasco
Frank Serpico
Joe Pistone
O.W. Wilson
2 points
Question 45

The ________ requires that police officers look the other way when they observe their fellow officers involved in acts of deviance.
thin blue line
code of the streets
informal handbook
code of silence
2 points
Question 46

___________ can be explained as receiving money or some monetary gain for not performing a legal duty or responsibility by a police officer.
organizational deviance
corruption
occupational deviance
the slippery slope
2 points
Question 47

In the late 1990s, the ________________ experienced a corruption scandal that made national and international headlines.
New York PD
Los Angeles PD
Chicago PD
Philadelphia PD
2 points
Question 48

____________ are payments in the form of money, goods, or services that a law enforcement agent receives for directing people, that he or she comes in contact with, toward a particular service provider.
kickbacks
payoffs
bribes
internal payoffs
2 points
Question 49

In the approximately 160-year history of the NYPD a major corruption scandal seems to occur approximately every _____ years.
10
20
15
30
2 points
Question 50

A grass eater is a officer who:
does not actively seek out gratuities
seeks out gratuities
takes complaints to internal affairs
refuses to accept gratuities
2 points



By Elizabeth Speciale | Oct 30, 2017 | Category > Story > Science Fiction | Comments | Views 80

 
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